Following last month’s article on Health & Safety, the FMB Information Department now introduces the Construction Design and Management (CDM) Regulations 2007 which are intended to focus on planning and management of safety throughout construction projects (which includes electrical works), from design concept onwards.
The aim is for Health & Safety considerations to be treated as an essential and normal part of the project’s development. The 2007 Regulations completely replace the earlier 1994 CDM Regulations and the Construction (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1996.
CDM 2007 aims to:
- Encourage everyone on the construction project team to work together to make Health & Safety an integral part of the design, construction and management of the project
- Improve planning and management to identify hazards so that they can be eliminated or properly managed
- Encourage co-operation and co-ordination of Health & Safety issues on the project.
The CDM Regulations apply to all construction work (regardless of size, duration or client) but there are additional duties for projects where construction work has to be notified.
Notification is required if the construction project is not for a domestic client and is likely to:
- Last longer than 30 days, or
- Involve more than 500 person days of construction work.
Any day on which construction work is carried out (including holidays and weekends) should be counted, even if work on that day is of short duration (a person day is one individual carrying out construction work for one normal working shift).
Please note that a domestic client is someone who lives, or will live, in the premises where the work is carried out - the premises must not relate to any trade or business undertaking.
Also you do not need to appoint a CDM co-ordinator or principal contractor, draw up a written construction phase plan or keep a Health & Safety file for a domestic client.
CDM 2007 lists the following key personnel and their key roles:
The client should
- Check the competence and resources of all the appointees that they propose to engage for the work
- Ensure that managerial arrangements made by duty holders (including time and other resources) enable construction work to be undertaken without risk to health or safety for all stages of the work
- Ensure that these arrangements are maintained and reviewed throughout all stages of the project
- Provide pre-construction information to designers and contractors and tell them how much time they have for planning and preparing construction work before starting on site
- Ensure there are suitable management arrangements for welfare facilities.
Where projects are notifiable clients must also:
- Appoint a CDM co-ordinator and a principal contractor who will be in place until the end of the construction phase
- Make sure that the construction phase does not start unless a construction phase plan is in place and there are suitable welfare facilities available
- Provide information relating to the Health & Safety file to the CDM co-ordinator
- Retain and provide access to the health and safety file.
The CDM co-ordinator
A CDM co-ordinator is only required where the project is notifiable. They should:
- Advise and assist the client with their duties
- Notify the HSE of the project using an F10 form
- Co-ordinate Health & Safety aspects of design work and cooperate with others involved with the project
- Facilitate good communication between client, designers and contractors
- Liaise with the principal contractor regarding ongoing design
- Identify, collect and pass on pre-construction information
- Produce and update a Health & Safety file.
On all projects designers need to:
- Avoid risks to the health or safety of any person, eliminate hazards as far as is reasonably practicable and reduce risks from any remaining hazards during design
- Provide information about remaining risks.
Where projects are notifiable designers must also:
- Check that the client is aware of his duties and that a CDM co-ordinator has been appointed (designers are prohibited from doing anything more than initial design work before the CDM co-ordinator is in place)
- Provide any information needed for the Health & Safety file.
The principal contractor
A principal contractor is only required where the project is notifiable. They should:
- Plan, manage and monitor the construction phase so that it is carried out without risks to Health & Safety, as far as is reasonably practicable
- Prepare, develop and implement a written Health & Safety plan and site rules and give contractors relevant parts of the plan (the initial plan should be completed before the construction phase begins)
- Check the competence of all the appointees on the project
- Ensure all workers have site inductions and any further information and training needed to carry out the work safely and without risks to health
- Liaise with the CDM co-ordinator regarding ongoing design and consult with the workers
- Make sure suitable welfare facilities are provided from the start and maintained throughout the construction phase
- Secure the site.
Contractors - on all projects
On all projects contractors need to:
- Plan, manage and monitor their work and that of their workers to ensure that it is carried out without risks to Health & Safety
- Check the competence of all their appointees and workers
- Train their own employees and provide information to their workers
- Comply with any requirements listed in Part 4 of the CDM Regulations, relating to Health & Safety on construction sites
- Ensure that there are adequate welfare facilities for their workers.
Where projects are notifiable contractors must also:
- Check that the client is aware of his duties, that a CDM coordinator has been appointed and that the HSE has been notified before starting work
- Co-operate with the principal contractor in planning and managing work, including reasonable directions and site rules
- Provide details to the principal contractor of any contractor whom he engages in connection with carrying out work
- Provide any information needed for the Health & Safety file
- Inform the principal contractor of any problem with the Health & Safety plan
- Inform the principal contractor of reportable accidents, diseases and dangerous occurrences.
The workers on all projects
All employees or self-employed persons on construction sites should:
- Ensure that they only carry out construction work that they are competent to do
- Co-operate with others and co-ordinate work so as to ensure their own Health & Safety and that of others who may be affected by their work
- Report obvious risks
- Follow site health and safety rules and procedures.
For further help and guidance:
The HSE has a section on the CDM Regulations on their website at www.hse.gov.uk/construction/cdm.htm Detailed guidance aimed specifically at each of the duty holders can be downloaded from the ConstructionSkills website at
Further help is also available from the FMB Health & Safety Helpline.
Contact the FMB Information Department on 0870 162 0947 or your Regional Office for advice on how to access the Helpline.